Processing Information through the 5 Senses

Our five senses keep us connected with the environment and help us to communicate with each other. They take in stimuli, process the information in the brain and help us to understand and make decisions based on our interpretation of what is happening around us.

5 Senses located in the Brain

5 Senses located in the Brain

We process information continuously on a subconscious level. This is partly due to the fact that we have too much stimuli to process on a conscious level. Our conscious is thus left to think, otherwise it would be overloaded.

Our Sense Organs Consist of Eyes for Sight, Ears for Hearing, Nose for Smell, Tongue for Taste and Skin for Touch

Eyes - Sight

Eyes – Sight

Eyes – Sight

The eyes provide the brain with the most input as compared to all the other senses. The eyes are best known in literary terms as “the windows to the soul”. When we seek the truth or speak the truth, we look directly into the eyes of the other person.


Ears - Hearing

Ears – Hearing


Ears – Hearing

The ear is divided into 3 distinct parts which work together to provide us with this sense. These are the outer ear, middle ear and inner ear. Ears not only provide the sense of hearing but most importantly they help us to maintain our balance.



Nose - Smell

Nose – Smell

Nose – Smell 

The nose has the ability to detect over 10,000 odours. We use this sense for detecting pleasure such as good food and drink. Smells also warns us of any dangers such as poisonous gases and smoke.


Mouth - Taste

Mouth – Taste


Mouth – Taste

The sense of taste is very similar to smell. Our taste buds help to distinguish many different tasting foods. Most of these taste buds sit on the surface of the tongue known as papillae.


Skin - Touch

Skin – Touch

Skin – Touch

The sense of touch is located throughout the body. There are microscopic sensory receptors (nerve cell endings) in our skin and tissue which help us to distinguish the difference between hot and cold, pain and pleasure, light and heavy pressure.


Sixth sense – Intuition

Sixth Sense - Intuition

Sixth Sense – Intuition

This final sense is part of our subconscious ability to assess what is best for us on a personal level. This sense is not commonly referred to as it is not one of the actual physical senses. It is also known as your intuition and is based on a feeling you get about anything either positive or negative.

Learning through our Senses

The senses we use to process information when we are learning is very important to our understanding of the world and how we relate to others. Once we are able to define the process, we can improve our ability to learn and recall from memory.

Types of Learning Styles:

According to NLP research (Neuro-Linguistic programming) the three main types of learning styles are as follows:

1. Auditory:

This type of learning is based on listening. People with a strong sense of auditory learning ability learn best when they, for instance, hear a lecture. They are better at listening to material when learning and also when they recall information they usually hear it in their mind.

2.  Visual:

This type of learning is based on visual images. People with a strong sense of visual learning ability learn best when they are able to see the image they want to embed in their mind. They are better at seeing and relating memories to images and likewise when they recall remembered information, it is usually, a visual sense.

3. Kinesthetic:

This type of learning focuses on a sense of touch. People with this ability learn best in practical ways. They find it easier to be actually involved in the learning process by taking on a practical approach. This helps them when they need to recall information from memory

4. Combination of all the above:

A final type of learning which is perhaps not as common as the above forms is known as olfactory which involves smell and taste. Although many people learn best through using a combination of the three main senses listed, most people have a preference for using one of the above most often than the others.

If you take the trouble to analyse which learning and thinking style suits you, you will be in a better position to educate yourself using the educational material which is most suitable for you personally. You will probably enjoy learning better.

Image Sources for Senses Page

Sight – | Sound – |                             Smell – |   Taste – |                                   Touch – |   Intuition – |                                 5 Senses Location:

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