Lymphatic and Immune System of the Human Body

The Lymphatic and Immune system of the human body work closely together to protect the body from external germs as well as internal threats such as cancer. This system is also known as the lymph system and consists of lymph nodes, vessels, organs and ducts which work together firstly to filter the waste product better known as toxins.

The lymphatic system also carries lymph from the cells and tissues to the bloodstream, finally taking this waste to be disposed by the kidneys and the colon. It is also known as the body’s drainage system.

Lymphatic and Immune System

Lymphatic and Immune System

The Lymphatic and Immune Components Comprise of the Following:

  • Lymph Nodes – also known as “glands” and are a vital form of defence. Although concentrated in groups such as under the armpits, they can be found scattered throughout the body.
  • Lymph Vessels – Also known as lymphatics, this is where the lymph fluid is transported to and from the lymph nodes.
  • Lymph Organs –  – (Sinew) connects muscles to the bones
  • Lymph Ducts – Filter waste product known as toxins
  • White Blood Cells – There are various types produced in the bone marrow and are also known as leucocytes. They help in fighting infections.
  • The Lymph Fluid is very important as it is transported throughout this system from cells and tissues into the bloodstream. In turn this fluid is processed in the kidney and colon organs, ensuring that waste products and toxins are flushed out of the body.

There are 3 Types of Immunity:

1. Passive: A type of immunity which is usually a temporary form of borrowing from the mother through her milk, and does not last long. It gives protection against the types of diseases the mother has been exposed to, allowing immunity through early stages of life.

2. Adaptive: This type of immunity as the name suggests is adaptive thus allowing the immunity to develop over a lifetime, for example building up against a disease or immunization.

3. Innate: As the name suggests this is the immunity we are born with. On a general level it is a protection for a specific species. The outer barriers of immunity include: skin, mucous membranes of nose and throat etc.

Immune System Disorders:

  1. Cancers
  2. Autoimmune Disorders
  3. Allergic Disorders
  4. Immune Deficiency Disorders

The Lymphatic system plays a vital role in the defence of the body’s immune system and as such serves to protect the body from alien germs and diseases. This system particularly has to deal with the waste produced by the cells as the body processes the food.

As a clear liquid type of substance, the lymph fluid is an active part of the lymph system. In severe cases where it does not function properly, illnesses such as a cold, flu and infection arise. Sometimes worse illnesses can arise as result of a poor immune system. These poor health issues are an indication of a weak lymphatic system which has become congested.

When waste does not flush out of the system properly, it may build up and cause some type of disease so to avoid this clogging up of waste, it is imperative that the lymph system works effectively and remains healthy.

The lymphatic system can often become clogged thus causing blockages. This happens when there is a build-up of waste material being retained within the body over a period of time. The clogging becomes physically apparent when the lymph nodes are felt under the armpits as lumps under the skin. This is one of the signs that the system needs to be cleared. It is this system which helps to cleanse the rest of the body in its entirety.

The lymph nodes process the lymph fluid, cleaning it thoroughly. Swollen nodes indicate that a fight against an infection. Upon being cleaned by the nodes the lymph fluid is ready to enter the blood stream again.

Healthy Immune System:

To keep the Lymph system healthy, it is important to maintain a balanced diet which includes on a basic level the following which also serves as methods of detoxing the Lymphatic System:

Drink plenty of water, eliminate caffeine drinks and tobacco as well as other harmful type of substances, exercising regularly on a weekly basis, carrying out stress free activities, intake of high fibre foods instead of processed foods and indulging in enough sleep to keep you rejuvenated.


More Information: |

Part of the Human Body Series: | Skeletal System of the Human Body | Nervous System of the Human Body | Muscular System of the Human Body |

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