Six Ethics of Life

I found this list of “Ethics” on Facebook quite a while ago and at the time they resonated with my changing and challenging situation, especially the last one on the list about living and dying. Even now they ring true when I really think about them, which is why I would like to share them with you. So I hope you enjoy reading my version of their meaning:

6 Ethics of Life

6 Ethics of Life

Believe, Listen, Earn, Think, Try and Live

1. Before You Pray – Believe

Prayer is something very personal. Our belief system dictates how and what we pray and even how often.  Indeed we all have different ways of praying. What unites humanity when we pray is our hope and optimism and an inner belief that our prayers will indeed get granted. But without that fundamental belief is there any point in praying?

2. Before You Speak – Listen

We have all done this and the older we get the better our skills in listening become – if we allow them. The fact that we possess two ears and one mouth should in essence prepare us for being better listeners. But surprisingly, instead of paying attention to what is being said, many of us can’t wait to jump in and give our version or interpretation before the speaker has even finished what they are saying. Some of us even jump in and interrupt!

3. Before You Spend – Earn

This one is for those who are still reliant on others and expect other people to pay for almost each and every one of their needs. Such people disregard the income of someone who has taken the time and effort to earn the income. When you have not earned it yourself how can you value it in the same way? If you try to earn your own way, you will automatically respect the property and income of other people.

4. Before You Write – Think

This one can also translate to before you open your mouth, think about what will come out. If you have no idea what you are about to say next or if it lands you in hot water often, then perhaps this is the time to rethink. For writers, it is important to consider the damage your words can do to other people and their reputation. It is all well and good to say freedom of speech but this freedom carries with it a strong sense of responsibility. Some things are therefore better left unwritten. It is up to you to decide.

5. Before You Quit – Try

I love this one. I used to be guilty of not even trying. That negative voice nagging and claiming, “What’s the point? You won’t succeed!” Well how do you know that if you never try? It is a constant battle for me to encourage my children when they give up easily sometimes and I find myself repeating “how do you know you will fail if you haven’t bothered to try in the first place?”

6. Before You Die – Live

The best one of all is saved to last. This is the one which always wakes me up. If you are choosing to cruise through life but believe there is a much more fun and enjoyable yet responsible way to live life then go for it! Life does not have to be dreary and scary – it can be as enjoyable as you want it to be.

Reflect and Learn:

Think and reflect carefully on these basic ethics and life makes sense. If you are true to your value system it rewards you with a feeling of optimism and happiness. Find a way to incorporate these types of ethics and learn to live life on your own terms and conditions.

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Meaning and Origins of the Word Philosophy

Pie as the Greek symbol of Philosophy

Pie as the Greek symbol of Philosophy

Origins of the word Philosophy:

Philosophy is a word derived from Middle English.

The word “Philosophy” can be traced back to the Old French “philosophie” and Latin, from the Greek word, “philosophia” which translates as “love of wisdom”.

Researchers and experts in the field of philosophy are commonly known as “Philosophers.” They ask virtually basic types of questions and articulate answers.

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What is Philosophy?

The word philosophy literally means a love of wisdom. It is an activity which we all indulge in, this deep thought process and many of us through our personal life experiences come to our very own conclusion about life. We ponder and constantly seek answers to questions within our deep psyche about the deeper meaning of life. As a varied and deep rooted subject, Philosophy is a means of thinking deeply and contemplating the big questions such as:

“Who am I?” and “Where did I come from?” Such questions and other related ones ponder on the relationship of people with each other and the world we live in.

History of Philosophy

Philosophy is in fact a close relation to religious scriptures. Dealing with the most basic questions in life, it allows you to ponder on the unknown. Deep thinkers who have dedicated their lives to this academic subject are known as “philosophers” and there are many famous examples of these including the greats such as Aristotle and Plato.

In fact, Philosophy as a subject in its own right was originally coined by the Greeks who took this subject quite seriously. Although philosophy is primarily about the thought process, logic and rational arguments feature as main ways to prove or disprove theories. Not only does philosophy incorporate a sense of introspection thereby focusing on the thought process of an individual, but also seeks to incorporate groups of people and past knowledge of great thinkers.

The general way the study of this subject is enhanced is an attempt by the philosophers to use rationalising arguments relating to general concepts such as reality, existence and values in a critical and systematic manner. In this sense many questions emerge which need to be answered. Philosophers then attempt to analyse and define their thought processes, in an attempt to conceptualise and theorise many of the resulting ideas. Philosophers continually ask questions and consistently seek answers in an almost childlike wonderment.

Historically, although this subject has evolved and changed, currently the 6 major areas of study and focus in the modern academic sense of the word philosophy are:

  • Aesthetics: An appreciation of art and beauty, asking questions such as “why is Art important?”
  • Epistemology: Knowledge and the acquisition of it, asking questions such as “what is knowledge?”
  • Ethics: How people live and questioning and defining what is right or wrong, asking questions such as “what is good?”
  • Logic: Development of valid arguments as well as mathematical logic, asking questions such as “what is good or bad reasoning?”
  • Metaphysics: Nature of reality and the universe, asking questions such as “is there a God?”
  • Politics: Government, political obligations and citizen rights, asking questions such as “what is an ideal type of government?”

On a general level the word “Philosophy” and the concept of it can be applied to any type of subject e.g. Philosophy of Law, Philosophy of Religion and Philosophy of the Arts.

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Nervous System of the Human Body

Nervous system of the body is so called because it refers to the nerves of the human body. The actual nerves consist of cylinder bundles of fibre stretching from the brain right through the central cord and creating a network system inside the entire body. The nervous system is primarily used to transmit signals between different parts of the body and in effect to coordinate voluntary and involuntary actions made.

Image of the Nervous System

Image of the Nervous System

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Components of the Nervous System:

  1. Brain
  2. Spinal Cord
  3. Peripheral Nerves
  4. Sense Organs

The nervous system is also perhaps one of the most complex systems of the body functions. The three main areas to be considered in this particular system are:

1. CNS – Central Nervous System

The CNS is made up of the chief nerve better known as the spinal cord and the brain. The main role it plays is to get information from the body and then to distribute this information by sending out the right instructions to the rest of the body. It is in fact the decision maker and co-ordinator. There are 43 pairs of nerves which branch from the CNS – 31 from the spinal cord and 12 from the brain.

2. PNS – Peripheral Nervous System

The PNS consists of all the nerves and the wiring system altogether except the brain and spinal cord. Furthermore PNS can be subdivided into two more components known as the Somatic Nervous System and the Autonomic Nervous System. The brain uses the PNS system to communicate with the rest of the body.

The CNS and PNS share some nerves.

3. ANS – Autonomic Nervous System

This system shares with the previous two mentioned. It works automatically, dealing with the heart rate and the blood pressure. Much of the time it keeps us regulated in these areas allowing us to not even be aware of the important work carried out.

Other important parts of the Nervous System:


There are basically 2 types of nerves known as Spinal Nerves and the Cranial Nerves:

  1. Spinal Nerves: There are 31 pairs of spinal nerves and they are connected to the spinal cord.
  2. Cranial Nerves: There are 12 pairs of cranial nerves and they are connected to the brain.

Nervous Tissue:

The 2 types of cells which the nervous system mainly consists of are the Neurons and Neuroglia:

1. Neurons:

A communication system using the transmission of electrochemical signals exists between the nerve cells. The 3 basic types of neurons as classified by the direction they send messages are as follows and known as:

  1. Afferent Neurons: Also known as sensory neurons, so called as they transmit sensory signals from sensory receptors such as the skin, eyes, ears, nose and tongue TOWARDS the central nervous system
  2. Efferent Neurons: Also known as motor neurons and they are responsible for transmitting messages AWAY from the central nervous system to places in the body such as the glands and muscles.
  3. Interneurons: These form a complex network system within the main nervous system and are useful when it comes to combining the work of the afferent and efferent neurons. Specifically they receive information from the afferent neurons as well as directing body function via the efferent neurons.

Another way to classify Neurons is by identifying the number of extensions from the body of the neuron’s cell. There are three types:

  1. Bipolar Neurons
  2. Pseudounipolar Cells
  3. Multipolar Neurons

2. Neuroglia:

Another name for these is glial cells which are also helper cells. Their main task is to surround the neurons and protect them by insulating and feeding them.

Furthermore, the specialised parts of the Neuron are known as Dendrites and Axons. The main differences between the two are as follows:

Axons: Have a smooth surface and specialise in taking information AWAY from the cell body.

Dendrites: Have a rough surface and specialise in bringing information BACK to the cell body.

Some facts about the nervous system:

  • Three main properties of the nervous system are Sensitivity, Conductivity and Responsiveness
  • The nervous tissue is very delicate. It needs a regular supply of blood and physical protection.
  • Repair to this part of the body system can be rather slow as well as being the least understood in medical terms and in fact the least understood of all the body systems.
  • This complex system is so vast that if each nerve of a body were to be laid side by side it would stretch around the world two and half times!

Part of the Human Body Series:Skeletal System of the Human Body |  Muscular System of the Human Body |

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